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Definition of XPath text

XPath text() function is a built-in function of the Selenium web driver that locates items based on their text. It aids in the identification of certain text elements as well as the location of those components within a set of text nodes. The elements that need to be found should be in string format. The text of the web element is used by the function to locate the element on the webpage. This function comes in handy if your element contains text, such as labels, which always have static text.

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The text() function in XPath has the following syntax:

//tag_name[text()='any text content']

where the text() method compares the value to the string provided on the right side and returns the text of the web element indicated by the tag name.

How does XPath text works?

Let’s take an XML code like this:

The Xpath Expression is given as

//*text()= ‘Welcome’

//*[normalize-space(text()) = 'Welcome']

While doing the comparison, this command will trim the surrounding whitespace. When using normalize-space, we can observe that the text() node specifier is optional.

//sample [contains (text(), 'Welcome')]

XPath using a text of child



Assume that the web element you’re looking for is in the Panel Table and has some common text.

Begin by creating a panel with a single attribute, in this example ‘TITLE.’

/*[@title='Armaedan Book'] /*[@title='Armaedan Book'] /*[@title='Armaedan Book']*[@title='Armaedan Book']*[@title

Using Attributes with a Text

//*[@id='user-id'] /following-sibling::ul/descendant::a[text()='password']

/label [text() =”Email”]


The text() node should have a direct relationship within an element. In the next section, we are going to look at an example in different cases of how a text() act in an Xpath.

Example #1: Accessing the yahoo website


.//td[text()=' Forgot username']

Next Exploring Selenium Website. Perform the above-defined Steps to find the Xpath. The sample Text of span is identified.

Example #2

//li[ a/text()=”Track” ]


The above script identifies the text with the name ‘Track’ which is defined in Xpath Expression.


Example #3

//li[ 5 ]/h2[ text() = “Title of the page” ]


Example #4: Using Java XML

The Xpath Expression is given as

System.out.println(“The right Output is : ” + Website);


Example #5: Contain using python



With the Selenium web driver in Python, we may use the XPath to find an element that contains specific content. This locator includes features that aid in the verification of specific text within an element. Initially, we had set a chúng tôi and followed by launching an URL. The element text is retrieved using the variable along with the function text() and contains (). Therefore, an Output is shown as below.



It all boils down to how well you comprehend and evaluate the code when it comes to developing a good XPATH. The greater understanding of the code, the more options we’ll have for constructing successful XPATHs. Now, even after employing the above capabilities, there may be occasions when the user is unable to discover the site parts uniquely. The XPath axes come to the rescue in these situations, assisting in the location of a web element.

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This is a guide to XPath text. Here we discuss the definition, syntax, How does XPath text works? examples with code implementation. You may also have a look at the following articles to learn more –

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