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Definition of PostgreSQL Formatter

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How does PostgreSQL Formatter Works?

We must install a pg formatter in your system.

Required basic knowledge about PostgreSQL.

We require a query statement to perform the formatter.

Need basic knowledge about the pg formatter that means how it is used.

We can perform different operations on sql statements with the help of a pg formatter.

Examples of PostgreSQL Formatter

Let’s see a different example of PGformatter with different options as follows.

Example #1 – Indentation


CREATE TABLE employee ( user_id serial PRIMARY KEY, empname VARCHAR ( 50 )  NOT NULL,      empaddress VARCHAR ( 50 ) NOT NULL, email VARCHAR ( 255 ) UNIQUE NOT NULL);


In the above example, we try to implement indention in the query statement. In this example, we create a table name as an employee with different attributes as shown in sql statement after applying the indentation option, we Illustrate the end result of the above declaration by using the use of the following statement.

CREATE TABLE employee (user_id serial PRIMARY KEY, empname VARCHAR (50) NOT NULL, empaddress VARCHAR (50) NOT NULL, email VARCHAR (255) UNIQUE NOT NULL);


SELECT x, y, z, a FROM n_1, n_2, n_3 WHERE x = 20 AND y = 20;

Explanation: In the above example, we try to implement pgformatter with a select and where clause in this example, we use some variable with a select clause such as x, y, z, and a, and similarly, we use n_1, n_2, and n_3 with from clause as well as we also assign values to variable x and y. in this example we wrap option wrap query to a specific length. Indentation is not used to count the character. We show the result of the above statement in the following snapshot.

Similarly, we can implement other options as follows.

Option –t: Option –t means format type of query. In this option, we add a new line in the statement.

Option –g: In this option, pgformatter groups all statements within the transaction. For more details, see the below example.

Example #2 BEGIN; INSERT INTO demo VALUES (3, 'sample 1'); INSERT INTO demo VALUES (4, 'sample 2'); ... COMMIT;

Option –L: Option –L means no extra line in pgformatter always adds a new line after the end of the statement when ‘; ‘( semicolon) is present and suppose the user does not require the extra line in the output console, then you can remove new line by using this option in the command line.

Option –extra-function: In the above option, the user is able to format PostgreSQL internal functions, but it cannot detect user-defined functions in PostgreSQL. One possible way is that it can define a single function name per line, or we say, that list of functions into a file, and it gives through the pg formatter –an extra-function option that will be formatter as PostgreSQL internal functions.

Formatting by using stdin: You are able to execute pg_format without any argument, or we can say that you can execute statements by using stdin. The stdin is an interactive mode of pgformatter in which you should type compulsory ctrl+d at the end of the statement.

Example #3 $ pg_format select * from emp;

We can also use stdin in one line as follows.

Formatting by using VI: In this type of pgformatter, it automatically formats the statement by changing the configuration file.

Formatting by using Atom: If some user uses atom as an editor, we need to install pg_formatter with chúng tôi wrapper packages. The main feature of the Atom is that it formats all SQL files in save mode.

Formatting by using Visual Studio: Visual Studio Code also provides a pg_formatter extension to format PostgreSQL statements.

To prevent replacing the small code: Sometimes, users need to maintain the same query statement format without change in the query. At that time, we use the –p or –placeholder option in the command line to keep code untouched by pgformatter.

Uses of PostgreSQL Formatter

It gives a suitable representation of the query

It avoids the complexity of query statements.

As per user need, we use different options in the command

We can use pg_formatter with different editor tools that, means, as per our choice, we can use any tool to format query statements.


We hope from this article, you have understood about the PostgreSQL pg_formatter. From the above article, we have learned the basic example of pg_formatter. We have also learned how we can implement them with different options in PostgreSQL. From this article, we have learned how we can handle PostgreSQL pg_formatter.

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