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Introduction to UiPath Architecture

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Architecture in Detail

Here is the details of UiPath Architecture:

UiPath Architecture is an enterprise RPA platform for process automation. The UiPath Architecture is set up by combining its components and database servers along with the communication channels. The above picture gives a fair idea of UiPath Architecture.  The architecture can be explained in two ways, one is the client and server side detailing and second is the three layered detailing.

Classification of the UiPath Architecture

Let’s first talk about the easier classification of the UiPath Architecture:

The robot is the automation worker. It executes the automation processes which are scripted in the studio. The projects designed by studio include step wise instructions for the robot to follow and this robot is managed by orchestrator.  We can have a single Robot or multiple robots for same process, based on the complexity of our process.

The UiPath robot has the below two components:

UiPath agent service is the intermediate between the client-side and the server-side of UiPath. All information will be communicated via the agent. Through the agent service, all messages are logged into the orchestrator and further processed to the SQL server.

UiPath executor service is used by Robot to execute the tasks.

The latest AI enhancements allow robots to recognise objects on the screen and adjust to any screen changes. With this the Citrix environment automation is made 3 to 4 times faster than any other solutions.

The second layer is the Server layer. All Server details are provided in this layer. This layer mainly consists of the UiPath Orchestrator. The Orchestrator manages the entire automation work. It is the web-based management platform that helps to meet service levels and timelines. With minimal human interference, it monitors all activities, schedules robots and generates reports according to the requirements. It helps to orchestrate the UiPath Architecture robots in continuously executing repetitive process.

The log details updated by the UiPath agent services are saved in the persistency layer. From these logs, which are saved in elastic search, it is easy to identify the error messages and rectify them.  The relational database management system (RDBMS) like SQL server can be is used for storing process level details whereas elastic search can be used for log information. This is because of the ease in retrieving search results related to logs which will be a larger quantity of data.


So the three layers of UiPath Architecture are the Client layer, the Server layer, and the Persistency layer. The client layer comprises the UiPath studio, the UiPath robot, and it is in the client layer that the automation workflows are created and executed. The Server layer has orchestrator that orchestrates the robot execution which includes monitoring, deployment, configurations and queue management logging. And the third layer is the persistency layer, which has the database describing the assigned process, log information and environment details for every process and robot in action.

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This is a guide to UiPath Architecture. Here we discuss the introduction to UiPath Architecture, along with the classification, and the block diagram of UiPath in detail.  You can also go through our other related articles to learn more –

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