Trending September 2023 # A Quick Glance Of Vertical Merger With Pros And Cons # Suggested October 2023 # Top 13 Popular |

Trending September 2023 # A Quick Glance Of Vertical Merger With Pros And Cons # Suggested October 2023 # Top 13 Popular

You are reading the article A Quick Glance Of Vertical Merger With Pros And Cons updated in September 2023 on the website We hope that the information we have shared is helpful to you. If you find the content interesting and meaningful, please share it with your friends and continue to follow and support us for the latest updates. Suggested October 2023 A Quick Glance Of Vertical Merger With Pros And Cons

What is Vertical Merger?

Start Your Free Investment Banking Course

Download Corporate Valuation, Investment Banking, Accounting, CFA Calculator & others


Companies intend to undergo vertical mergers to better control the different stages in the supply chain, including either the supplier providing raw materials or the consumer purchasing its intermediate product. The acquisition of suppliers is known as backward integration, while the acquisition of a buyer/purchaser is known as forward integration.

Basically, a product manufacturing process may include multiple companies at different stages of production, from raw procurement to finished good manufacturing, wherein each entity provides an intermediate product at the end of its production process. Interestingly, all the entities are required to produce the finished good. It intends to improve its profitability and operational efficiency by combining the operations of two or more entities operating at different stages of a certain end product.

Examples of Vertical Merger

In 1996, Time Warner Inc merged with Turner Corporation in a $7.5 billion deal. It is an example given that Time Warner Inc. is a large cable company, while Turner Corporation is a major media company that owns CNN, TNT, etc.

Google’s acquisition of Android in 2005 is also an example, as the acquirer was able to venture into the mobile operating industry with this transaction. The value of the acquisition was $50 million.

Live Nation, owner and operator of entertainment venues, acquired Ticketmaster, a retail ticket seller, in 2010. This is also an example of the acquirer can leverage the retail ticket seller’s market.

In 2023, Dell Inc. acquired EMC in a $67 billion cash-and-stock deal. Dell manufactures personal computers, enterprise servers, and mobiles, while EMC is a data storage company. This transaction was part of backward integration for Dell.

Reasons for Vertical Merger

A vertical merger allows a manufacturing company to have better control over its entire production cycle, which includes purchasing raw materials from the suppliers and then adding value to the process to produce the intermediate product to sell it to the next buyer in the supply chain. Having control on either the supply or seller side results in a better operational discipline that can boost profitability margins. Some major benefits include the timely and optimal supply of raw materials, more control of the supply chain, and greater output efficiency.

Vertical Merger vs Horizontal Merger

Some of the major differences between vertical merger and horizontal merger are as follows:

It occurs among companies operating in the same industry but at different stages of the supply chain. At the same time, a horizontal merger means a merger among companies that produce similar output and operate at the same level in the supply chain.

The company intends to integrate the operations of downstream and upstream entities in order to gain more operational control without significantly altering the scale of operation. Simultaneously, it carries out a horizontal merger to increase the scale of production, expand the market, and grow the business size.

It improves profitability by eliminating the margins paid to the downstream companies, while horizontal merger results in a gain of market share and elimination of competition.

It provides more control over certain parts of the supply chain, while horizontal merger results in a bigger market share or expansion of product offerings.


The stronger entity receives funds from the weaker entity, which helps reduce its financial constraints, enabling it to have higher debt capacity and increased credit limits to support potential business expansion.

The new entity eliminates some of the strata in the supply chain, which allows it to avoid paying the mark-ups on the raw material and results in reduced operational costs or increased profitability.

It helps improve management quality by replacing weaker team members with more effective and efficient members of the combined entity.

It helps build better administrative and operational capabilities by combining the strengths of each combining entity while evading the problem areas.

The combining entities can build a stronger team by leveraging the available resources.

In some cases, the additional costs due to some of the bureaucratic costs can outweigh the benefits of a reduction in operating costs, eventually leading to an increase in overall costs.

There is the possibility that some of the key personnel may not be willing to join the merged entity, which can be detrimental to the very cause of the merger.

In some cases, merging two entities with differences in cultural background and management styles can be very difficult.


So, it can be seen that a vertical merger takes place between two or more companies as a strategic move to improve profitability margin, operational efficiency, and management control. In short, vertical merger focuses on the bigger goal of improving the company’s overall operations. So, by now, you must have developed a fair idea about the pros and cons.

Recommended Articles

You're reading A Quick Glance Of Vertical Merger With Pros And Cons

Update the detailed information about A Quick Glance Of Vertical Merger With Pros And Cons on the website. We hope the article's content will meet your needs, and we will regularly update the information to provide you with the fastest and most accurate information. Have a great day!